Tổng hợp đề thi IELTS Writing 2020 mới nhất tại IDP và BC. Đề thi thật IELTS được cập nhật liên tục, nhanh nhất kèm theo gợi ý sửa chữa. Các bạn theo dõi để ôn thi IELTS hợp lý nhé. Ngoài ra, Vietop cũng đã cập nhật đề thi IELTS Writing 2021 và đề thi IELTS Writing 2022, bạn đừng bỏ lỡ nhé.
- Thang điểm IELTS và Cách tính điểm IELTS chuẩn nhất mà ít ai biết
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Tham khảo: Trọn bộ đề IELTS Writing Task 1 và IELTS Writing Task 2 qua từng năm
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 01/2020
The table details the volume of vehicles registered in Australia in 2010, 2012 and 2014. Overall, the number of vehicles in all the five categories enjoyed steady upward trends, with the figures for motorcycles and light trucks undergoing the most significant upswing. It is also clear that passenger vehicles are the most prevalent mode of transportation among the five types surveyed.
In 2010, 11,800,000 passenger vehicles were registered in Australia, far eclipsing the number of commercial vehicles (2,300,000), motorcycles (540,000), heavy trucks (384,000) and light trucks (106,000). Over the next 4 years, the number of the five kinds of vehicles all saw increases, with the volume of motorcycles and light trucks witnessing the most drastic changes of 30.8% (to 709,000) for the former and 23.5% (to 131,000) for the latter. The other categories also showed rises, albeit a little bit less pronounced, with the figures going up to a high of 13,000,000 (+10.2%) for passenger vehicles, 2,700,000 (+17.4%) for commercial vehicles, and 416,000 (+8.3%) for heavy trucks.
Today, sports media have been dominated by sportsmen, leaving sportswomen with very little attention. The main reasons for this lie in the prejudice against women doing sports, and the fact that men’s sports shows are generally more interesting than women’s, and I opine that equal coverage for both sexes is essential.
One reason for women not being given enough coverage is the deep-rooted notion that women should not engage in activities deemed ‘aggressive’ or ‘violent’, as can be seen from many popular sports today. Images of female sports players competing against one another, several of which involve strong physical activities, are still considered unorthodox to many people, thereby rendering female sport shows relegated. Additionally, sports involving men are, in many cases, more engaging and fun to watch. This is because men are innately stronger, more competitive and more aggressive, which makes their shows seemingly more sensational and dramatic. Therefore, people generally prefer watching men doing sports to women, and the television industry can generate more profits from matches and contests played by men.
I believe that such negligence is intolerable in today’s egalitarian society, and therefore equal showing time for both sexes should be considered. The percentage of women’s participation in sports has been rising on an unprecedented scale in recent years, so they obviously deserve more public endorsement. Achievements of female sports figures shown on TV can encourage those with potential to embark on their sporting career. Moreover, more showing time may attract additional investments from sponsors, which in turn may positively affect wage rates of sportswomen. Men have long been every well paid in the sports industry, and now I believe it is high time women were paid the same.
In conclusion, the reasons behind male’s dominance in sports shows are the sexist views ingrained in some people’s mentality and the fact that men’s shows might be more appealing. My firm conviction is that ensuring equal showing time is essential, for it can inspire those who wish to pursue sport-related careers and improve the lives of female sports women.
- dominate: áp đảo, thống trị
- opine: có quan điểm rằng
- coverage: độ bao phủ thông tin
- deep-rooted: cắm rễ, ăn sâu
- deem: xem như là
- unorthodox: không truyền thống, đi ngược với truyền thống
- render: khiến cho
- relegated: bị đánh giá thấp, bị đặt ở vi trí thấp
- innately: về bẩm sinh, sinh ra đã
- sensational: cực kì hấp dẫn
- dramatic: kịch tính
- generate profits: thu lợi nhuận
- negligence: sự phớt lờ
- intolerable: không chấp nhận được
- egalitarian society: xã hội bình đẳng
- on an unprecedented scale: ở một quy mô chưa từng thấy
- endorsement: sự ủng hộ
- embark on: bắt đầu
- dominance: sự áp đảo
- ingrained: khắc sâu vào tâm trí
- mentality: tâm lý
- appealing: hấp dẫn
Xem thêm: Khóa học IELTS online được nhiều bạn tại TPHCM theo học nhất – Cùng tìm hiểu ngay nhé!
The given line chart sets out New Zealand’s population from 1950 to the present day and projections to 2050. Overall, the demographical figures tell us that New Zealand has an ageing population with the number of people aged between 35 and 64 and 65+ showing upward trends, with the former being projected to become the most prevalent group by 2050. It is also clear that the 15-34 group, albeit dominant from 1950 until the present day, is expected to go through a downturn by 2050.
In 1950, New Zealand’s population aged between 15 to 34 was 32.5%, ranking first among the 4 groups surveyed. This was followed by the figure for the 0-14 group (27.5%), 35-64 (15%) and 65+ (10%). Thereafter the 15-to-34 age group, despite rising steadily to its high of 45% in the first half, saw a mild drop to 42.5% in 1990, followed by another steeper decline to only 30% in 2010. In the meantime, the population aged between 0-14 also showed a steady downturn and eventually reached 20% in 2010, whereas the two oldest groups 35 to 64 and over 65 experienced increases, with the figures amounting to 20% for the former and 15% for the latter.
By 2050, New Zealand’s population aged 35 to 64 and over 65 will have reached 35% and 20% respectively, with the former group being projected to be the dominant part of the population. Demographics for the two youngest groups, on the other hand, are expected to drop, eventually amounting to a little lower than 30% for the 15-to-34 group and a negligible 10% for the 0-to-14 group.
Some people are of the opinion that spoken communication may have an edge over its written counterpart. From my perspective, both spoken and written forms are important in equal measure, and therefore I completely disagree with the statement.
Spoken language, on the one hand, facilitates our daily communication. Virtually all social activities that human beings engage in such as making purchases, exchanging information or chatting with friends entail people uttering words to one another, and it is not an overstatement to say lack of oral communication may render us unable to carry out any essential tasks in life.
Additionally, when combined with body language, facial expressions, and eye contact, oral communication exhibits strong emotional messages. Whilst political figures make persuasive, well-articulated speeches as an effective tool of persuasion and manipulation, women make full use of their sweet, melodious voices to talk their beloved ones into buying things they want to.
Written language, on the other hand, appears to be relegated and ignored. This is unfortunate because written communication has advantages that would make it a superior choice in some situations over oral communication. From a legal perspective, written language, in the form of legal documents, is instrumental insafeguarding the rights of the people.
Most contracts are carefully drawn up in written forms and require signatures, and therefore they are solid and hard to be breached. In contrast, so-called ‘agreements’ or ‘promises’ in oral forms, in most cases, are invalid.
Moreover, written language is a very efficient representation of complex notions, emotional expressions, and philosophies. Great minds store their ideas in books and novels, and those books have been instrumental in spreading their ideas to a much wider range of audiences. We can see written language as a way of indirectly conversing with not only one, but hundreds, thousands, or even millions of people.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that both spoken and written communication are equally important in our society. Whereas spoken language enables us to do everyday tasks and effectively show our emotions, written language plays a pivotal role in legal matters and allows for great ideas to be spread to a lot of people.
Gợi ý: Hướng dẫn cách viết dạng Agree or Disagree Writing Task 2
The bar chart details the percentage of Australian women giving birth to their first child in 1966, 1986 and 2006, and the figures are classified according to six different age groups. Overall, it is clear that over the given period, Australian women were more inclined towards bearing their first child during late adulthood, with the percentage of women belonging to the 4 oldest age groups showing upward trends, as opposed to the two youngest groups which present quite an opposite pattern.
In 1966, around 65% of women aged between 20 and 24 gave birth to their first child, making this the most popular age range. The proportions of women belonging to the remaining age groups were noticeably lower, at only 40% (25-30), 37% (19 and under), 15% (30-34), 5% (30-39) and a negligible 2% (40+).
Over the next 40 years, the patterns shifted as fewer young women decided to give birth, with the figure for the 19-and-under dropping markedly to 10%, and the 25-to-30 group also followed suit, having its rates decreasing to 35%.
In contrast, the percentages of first birth givers aged between 25 and 30 and between 30 to 34 saw increases, amounting to 45%, and 50% respectively. An even more significant upward trend is evident in the 30-to-34 and 34-to-39 age groups when their figures rose at an exponential gradient, with the former rising to 50% and the latter to 30%.
Finally, not many women wished to deliver babies at this later age of 40 or more, as the rates first plateaued at 2% in 1986 and marginally grew thereafter to 3% in 2006.
Unlike many years ago when cinematography is exclusive to large companies, films made by individuals using their own devices have enjoyed increasing popularity in recent years. I am of the opinion that this is more likely to have positive consequences.
The fact that filmmaking is increasingly more accessible has helped add variety to cinematography. Movies made by big companies, on the one hand, are restricted to a handful of themes and backgrounds, several of which are even heavily censored. On the other hand, films made by potential filmmakers, albeit amateur, transcend barriers of ethnicities and backgrounds.
Around 400-500 movies are made by Hollywood every year, many of which are Americentric and revolve around superheroes, romance, thrillers and comedies. Meanwhile, with a phone sitting in our pockets and film editing applications at our disposal, that number can add up to millions, with more themes covered and a great array of settings shown.
Additionally, easy access to filming technology helps discover hidden talented people. Thanks to video-sharing platforms such as Youtube or Facebook, several unknown people have attained resounding success just by one or two short films.
In Vietnam, for example, a lot of amateur movie-making teams have become overnight sensations by posting short comedies and web dramas onto their sites. Although those films are low-budget, they are well-received by the general public, and many aspiring actors, actresses, and directors are discovered and eventually shot to fame.
The Sundance Film Festival, once a low-profile venue for small-budget creators, has become a media extravaganza for new talents now that more and more independent movie creators are able to make films using their own devices.
Inconclusion, my firm conviction is that the widespread popularity of amateur films thanks to the advent of technology is a welcome trend, for it adds spices to the film industry and promotes aspiring individuals wishing to pursue professional film careers.
Gợi ý: Cách viết dạng Positive & Negative
The diagram provides a breakdown of how ethanol is produced from corn. From an overall perspective, it is readily apparent that the making of maize-based ethanol includes corn undergoing various physical and biological processes under different conditions, the product of which is later stored and eventually delivered to gas stations.
The process commences when corn is harvested and stored in warehouses, before being ground by the use of a turbine-driven mill. Thereafter the ground corn, with the addition of an unspecified amount of water, is cooked within 4 hours in a cylindrical device before being fermented in another set of cylinders.
The mixture is left for fermentation for 2 days (48 hours) and subsequently liquidised, with solid wastes being released as by-products. The liquidized substance, now called ethanol, is further purified under laboratory conditions for another 5 hours, after which it is stored in large containers and eventually transported to gas stations.
Some people are of the opinion that physical fitness is the key to success in sports. However, some others are opposed to this idea, claiming that mental toughness is of uttermost importance. From my perspective, both qualities are of great significance in equal measure, and I will further elaborate in this essay.
Physical strength has been commonly regarded as an important element in sports. Most sportspeople are required to be physically fit so that they are able to perform physically challenging actions commonly found in the majority of sports. Footballers, for example, spend on average 90 minutes of relentless physical manoeuvres, and this certainly requires brute strength and stamina. In some sports that involve building muscles such as weightlifting, fitness is instrumental in the overall success of a weightlifter, for more weights lifted are directly proportionate to how well he or she performs in a weightlifting competition.
A strong mentality, on the other hand, is also very essential for any professionals to be successful. As a matter of fact, virtually all sports entail intense competitions and pressure, and only strong-willed players who are able to handle those problems well attain great success. Elite athletes such as Roger Federer or Cristiano Ronaldo, for example, are perfect examples of players who remain calm and confident regardless of situations. Additionally, mentalprowess has been proven to be a game-changing factor in deciding the outcome of a match. Even seeded players can bitterly lose to underdogs if stressed or pressured.
In conclusion, my firm conviction is that mental toughness is just as important as physical fitness in determining sporting success. In the future, with training integrating both physical and mental health becoming increasingly available, the sporting industry will be able to welcome generations of successful sports players who are physically fit and mentally prepared.
Gợi ý: Cách viết dạng Diagram (Process) IELTS Writing Task 1
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 02/2020
The pie charts set out the proportion of people employed in three different sectors in the two unspecified Town A and Town B in 1960 and 2010. Overall, over the given period, manufacturing-related jobs were less popular in both towns, whereas the service sector showed an opposite pattern, and positions in sales underwent a downward trend in Town A but not Town B. It is also clear that by 2020, whilst the service sector outstripped manufacturing as the dominant job sector in Town A, manufacturing, despite undergoing a decrease, remained the most common in Town B.
In both towns, services experienced the most substantial rise, with its figure undergoing a more than twofold leap from 29% to 64% in Town A, and from 10% to 25% in Town B. Opposite patterns are evident in manufacturing as its percentage halved from 41% to 20% in Town A, and in Town B it also underwent a drop, albeit milder, to 53%, which still accounted for the majority of jobs.
In the meantime, sales-related jobs were reduced by half from 30% to 16% in Town A. It was not the case in Town B, however, when its figure rose marginally from 20% to 22%.
Modern conditions such as diabetes and related health problems are probably associated with the upward trend towards consuming sugary drinks on a daily basis. Two of the main causes will thus be explored, and light will be shone on one possibly effective measure to deal with this consumption.
Appetite seems to be the most important factor contributing to this increasing tendency. It has been customary for decades for sugar-based beverages to be an indispensable part of modern life, ranging from parties and ceremonies to even small daily snacks. It is now not unusual to see soft drinks nearly everywhere on earth.
Another essential causal factor is hospitality as a social etiquette. Many people are not really interested in sweet drinks, but when they are welcomed with such drinks, they find it hard to reject them. Simply saying no might hurt the host.
For the aforesaid reasons, the best solution is to make an effort to change this drinking habit. Challenging as it is, we have to figure out how to do so. Suddenly stopping this practice would be impractical, so it would be advisable to advocate the reduction of sugar amounts in drinks and gradually replacing them with sugar-free drinks is not impossible.
In conclusion, whether people are fond of drinking sugary beverages or not, everyone needs to be aware of the danger of diabetes and related problems. It is time they halted and adopted a heathier habit. Although we are still not scientically sure of what causes diabetes, it is safer and wiser not to consume too much sugar.
- modern conditions: những căn bệnh hiện đại
- sugary drinks / sugar-based beverages: những thức uống có đường
- Appetite seems to be the most important factor contributing to this increasing tendency: sự ăn ngon miệng có lẽ là nhân tố quan trọng nhất góp phần lý giải cho xu thế gia tăng này
- It is now not unusual to see soft drinks nearly everywhere on earth: giờ không còn ai lạ lẫm gì khi thấy nước ngọt (bày bán) ở gần như tất cả mọi ngóc ngách trên trái đất
- Simply saying no might hurt the host: đơn giản là từ chối có thể làm phật lòng gia chủ
- are still not scientifically sure of what causes diabetes: vẫn chưa biết chắc về mặt khoa học là cái gì gây ra bệnh tiểu đường.
Gợi ý: Hướng dẫn cách làm dạng bài Problems & Solution
Gợi ý: Hướng dẫn cách viết dạng Tables
The given table shows earnings from Kiwi exportation from New Zealand to five different nations. Units are measured in NZ$, and the data were collected in three consecutive years 2010, 2011 and 2012.
Overall, New Zealand earned the highest revenues from exporting Kiwi to Japan. It is also clear that export values attained from Japan, China, Mexico, and Russia enjoyed upswings with Russia undergoing the highest growth, whilst exports to Saudi Arabia showed an opposite pattern.
In 2010, earnings from exporting Kiwi to Japan ranked first, far tripling the China’s export values (74.9 million), and vastly outnumbering Mexico (1.2 million), Russia (968,000) and Saudi Arabia (290,000). Thereafter export values thrived in most countries, reaching 287,400,000 for Japan, 84,800,000 for China, 2,400,000 for Mexico and 1,585,000 for Russia.
By 2012, the figures for Japan, China, Mexico, and Russia had added up to 325,300,000, 94,000,000, 3,300,000 and 2,404,000 respectively. Export values to Russia, in the meantime, was the only one witnessing a downturn, dropping to a low of only 82,000,000 in 2012.
Although not new in modern life, networking has attracted more and more public attention, especially with the advent of online social networking channels. Debatable as it is, the positive aspect of social media use as a way to supersede face-to-face communication is somewhat superior to its downside.
Given the fact that the current world is facing an increasing number of issues, it is sensible to believe in the dark side. Of the commonly-heard problems, the most serious of them is the fear that the human species, to whom emotions play a crucial role, might become robots , or emotionless machines. Sitting in front of the computer, or holding hand-held phones, for hours surfing the internet and reading Facebook news on a daily basis, users will sooner or later become more and more passive, ending up being couch potatoes, and are likely to forget the usefulness of in-person interaction.
However, we need to be optimistic as social media are not that bad. They will not turn us into machines that have no emotions. Provided that we live a healthy lifestyle with daily workouts, social networking sites, as the term suggests, will bring us closer and closer to one another simply because we are now living in a global village. Thousands of merits, including making friends with people from abroad, will result.
All in all, the negatives of using social networks instead of traditional meeting and talking appear to be overtaken by the positives. Even conservative people, mostly the old, find it hard to reject the power of social media. It is impossible to imagine how the human species of Homo sapiens has reached this far without social networking in the strictest sense of the term.
B. Vocab highlights
- (online) social networking channels = social media = social networking sites: mạng xã hội
- to supersede face-to-face communication: để thay thế sự giao tiếp trực diện
- the fear that the human species might become robots: nỗi sợ là loài người có thể trở thành những cái máy vô hồn
- sooner or later: không sớm thì muộn
- live a healthy lifestyle with daily workouts: sống (theo) một lối sống lành mạnh có tập thể dục hàng ngày
- in the strictest sense of the term: theo nghĩa sát nhất của thuật ngữ này
C. Structure highlights
Cấu trúc nén
Tuy không không phải là hiện tượng mới trong cuộc sống hiện đại, sự kết nối đã…
Cấu trúc đảo ngữ đặc biệt
Nếu xét đến…
The bar chart details investments made by five different organisations in four categories namely Machinery, Building, Staff Training, and Research. Units are measured in billion euros.
Overall, Organisation B made the highest investments in all sectors with the highest amount of budget expended on Building, whereas fewer investments were made by Organisation A and C. Organisation D and E’s spending, on the other hand, was the least remarkable.
Spending on machinery in Organisation B was roughly 1.3 billion Euros, which was the highest investment in this sector among the five organisations, yet the lowest compared to the other sectors. Organisation A invested remarkably less in this sector with only 0.8 billion Euros, followed by Organisation C (0.7 billion). Organisation D and E, on the other hand, each invested only 0.4 billion Euros. With regard to Building, Organisation B’s investment was at a record high of 1.7 billion Euros, whereas budgets allotted by the remaining four organisations for this sector were in similar amounts, at around 0.5 billion Euros.
When it comes to Staff Training and Research, Organisation B was still the dominant investor with 1.5 billion and 1.6 billion Euros spent respectively. Organisation A’s expenditures were significantly fewer, with on 1 billion for Staff Training and 0.8 billion for Research. Organisation D and E again allocated the fewest budget, with the figures varying between 0.3 billion and 0.45 billion.
Reading story books has recently been claimed to be more beneficial for children than watching television or playing e-games on the computer. For kids who are book addicts, this is absolutely true since nothing can be compared with enjoying a story.
First off, TV watching is inferior to story book reading. The former is associated with the habit of ‘watching’ rather than ‘reading’ whereas the latter is the opposite. Some might say that the two are very similar since anyone involved needs to use their eyes. Reasonable as it is, those who believe so do not really take into consideration the point that readers can stop at a page and contemplate about it for as long as possible, especially when it comes to hard-to-understand stories, such as mystery books.
Second of all, reading story books is also superior to playing computer games. Admittedly, being engaged in game playing on the computer is undeniably great fun as a wonderful stress reliever, but games are games only. However, story book reading is associated with a multitude of educational benefits, one of which is the cultivation of emotions. In this current world, fewer and fewer people have any interest in enjoying a short story or a novel, so they need to be immersed in this environment at an early age. The earlier the better. If children laugh or cry with characters in a story, they will gradually develop feelings of loving other human beings in real life.
In conclusion, my perspective concerning the great joy gained from reading story books has been clarified. This actually might not be highly appreciated by children with other interests. In this technological world, it is not surprising that the majority of kids prefer to be engaged elsewhere. Each to his own.
A. Vocab highlights
- For kids who are book addicts: Đối với trẻ thuộc loại mê đọc sách;
- nothing can be compared with enjoying a story: Không gì có thể sánh với việc thưởng thức một truyện kể;
- … is undeniably great fun as a wonderful stress reliever: Đương nhiên là rất vui vì là một phương thức giảm căng thẳng tuyệt vời;
- the cultivation of emotions: Việc trao dồi / vun đắp (khía cạnh) xúc xảm;
- they need to be immersed in this environment at an early age: Họ cần phải được tắm mình trong một môi trường như thế ngay từ thưở nhỏ;
- Each to his own: Mỗi người một vẻ;
B. Structure highlights
Cấu trúc passive đặc biệt
Cấu trúc đảo ngữ
The maps depict the development of a town named Darwin from 2009 to 2014. The initial impression from the maps is that the town showed the complete obliteration of the industrial area to make room for more residential, recreational and academic amenities. In addition, the town’s infrastructure was also renovated with the addition of a harbor and more footpaths.
In 2009, on the vast grassland stretching from the center to the southern part of the town was sited an industrial area. Over the next 5 years, this industrial zone became non-existent, and was replaced by trees.
To the southeast of the town, a new harbor was erected, and an additional footpath was established, leading from the harbor to the main road in the west of the town. This new footpath further divided the southern zone of the town into two distinct areas, the upper part of which had some new residential buildings and a new university one.
Regarding the area encircled by the footpaths, the former industrial area was converted into a swimming pool. The school and the convention center located in the vicinity of this area and the northern main road remained unchanged. The two swimming pools by the beach also remained in the same position over the given period.
One of the current phenomena is online shopping is on the rise. This tendency actually benefits the environment and leads up to changes in various jobs related to this mode of shopping.
As far as environmental issues are concerned, this trend might be said to harm the environment since an increase in the number of online shoppers is associated with a rise in the amount of product consumption, including many things purchased even before people can figure out what these items should be used for. It appears, therefore, to be a waste of resources.
The truth is internet shopping entails tons of benefits, one of which is saving time. In this modern society where time is gold, saving time is so significant. Time saved could be spent on working and boosting productivity, generating more and more resources. That is not to mention the merit of rescuing thousands of trees which may be cut down to make paper.
In terms of jobs in this new era, many occupations related to computers and internet use as well as online sales, be it for professional or non-professional purposes, have gained popularity. These range from IT engineers and web designers through advertisers and market researchers to cleaners and deliverers. In particular, those who work in delivery have now felt luckier because of the change from eating out to staying home or at the workplace and ordering a meal online.
Summarizing, when it comes to shopping on the internet, the impact is mainly positive, and it leads to numerous changes in the labor market, including the traditional job of deliverers. It is hard to predict what will be the next groundbreaking transformation in the foreseeable future, but online shopping still shocks many people in developing countries because of the convenience in paying methods.
A. Vocab highlights
- … is on the rise ( = … is increasing)
… đang có chiều hướng gia tăng
- an increase in the number of online shoppers is associated with a rise in the amount of product consumption
Sự gia tăng số lượng người mua hàng trực tuyến gắn liền với sự gia tăng mức tiêu thụ hàng hóa
- In this modern society where time is gold, saving time is so significant
Trong xã hội hiện nay khi mà thời gian là vàng bạc thì tiết kiệm thời gian là vô cùng quan trọng
- working and boosting productivity
Làm việc & nâng cao năng suất
- That is not to mention…
Đó là chưa nói đến…
- Those who work in delivery…
Những ai làm công tác giao hàng
- It is hard to predict what will be the next groundbreaking transformation in the foreseeable future
Khó mà đoán được trong tương lai gần cái gì sẽ tạo nên bước ngoặc chấn động tiếp theo
B. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc relative clause dạng rút gọn
- Cấu trúc chêm xen adverb vào vị trí giữa câu (thay vì ở đầu câu như bình thường)
Gợi ý: Hướng dẫn cách viết dạng Map Writing Task 1
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 03/2020
The given line graph illustrates the rates of attendance at music concerts in an unspecified country from 2010 to 2015. The figures are classified according to five different age groups.
The initial impression from the graph is that age is a clear predictor for the decrease in the proportion of people attending music concerts, as the attendance rate was highest among the youngest group (16-24). The figures for the 25-to-44, 45-to-54, and 55-to-64, despite each increasing and decreasing with varying degrees throughout the given period, ranked second, third, and fourth respectively, and the oldest age group (70+) always attended fewer concerts compared to the other given groups.
In 2010, roughly more than half of the people aged between 45 and 54 attended music concerts. Fewer people aged between 16 and 24 participated in such events (40%), and this was also the case for those aged 25 and 44. Only 25% of the people between 55 and 64 years old joined music concerts, and the proportion was even much lower for the 75+ (10%).
Over the next 5 years, the proportion of participants aged between 16 and 24 experienced steady rises, amounting to 70% in 2010. In the meantime, the figure for the 25 to 44 group, despite a dip of around 10%, regained its upward streak and eventually reached 52% in 2015, and a similar pattern is evident for the 25-to-44 age bracket, with a slump to 30% in 2012 and an upswing to nearly 50% in 2015.
Participants in the last two brackets namely 55 to 64 and 75+ were not many, with the former undergoing 3 years of stability before dropping to 23% in 2015, and the latter experiencing an upswing to 20% in 2011, yet halving to only 10% in 2013, and rising again to around 21% in 2015.
1. Sample essay
Whether it is advisable to choose a satisfying job or to pursue a secured one has always been an issue of great controversy for years now. As a city-dweller, I am more supportive of the first option.
At first glance, it sounds sensible to believe in the benefits of finding a permanent job. One of the major reasons is professional seniority is almost always a factor that plays a crucial role in any occupation. The longer people work in a certain environment, the more practical experience they can gain and the easier it is for them earn a decent salary. This has been common sense for decades now.
However, it is feeling professionally satisfied that is much more significant in choosing what to do for a living. Feeling pleased with what they do, people will be frequently inspired to perform well. That results from the fact that they can easily develop their sense of creativity in working on any project. In this fast-changing modern world, it is nearly impossible to find any long-term job that remains stable. Instead of making an effort to seek such an occupation, which does not exist in today’s world, we had better prioritize job satisfaction rather than job security.
All things considered, it remains greatly debatable as to which perspective is more rational. Although the two views concerned are both based on solid grounds, I prefer the one supporting professional satisfaction. If workers were happy, they would be willing to sacrifice everything, even their own lives.
2. Vocab highlights
- a city-dweller: Một thị dân / người sống ở thành thị
- professional seniority: Thâm niên công tác
- a decent salary: Lương bổng đủ sống
- common sense: Lương thức
- feeling professionally satisfied: Cảm thấy hài lòng trong công việc đang làm
- sense of creativity: Óc sáng tạo
3. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc noun clause sử dụng whether… or… làm chủ ngữ: Whether it is advisable to choose a satisfying job or to pursue a secured one has always been an issue of great controversy for years now (Liệu chúng ta có nên chọn nghề khiến ta hài lòng hay theo đuổi nghề ổn định vốn là một vấn đề gây tranh cãi kịch liệt nhiều năm qua).
- Cấu trúc v-ing phrase rút gọn từ adverb clause: Feeling pleased with what they do, people will be frequently inspired to perform well (Cảm thấy hài lòng với những gì họ làm, người ta sẽ thường xuyên có cảm hứng để làm tốt công việc).
Xem ngay: Hướng dẫn viết dạng Line Graph & IELTS Writing Task 1
The bar chart compares rates of young people attending education at university levels in five unspecified countries in 2000, 2005 and 2010. The initial impression from the chart is that higher education rates in Country A, C, and D showed upward trends over the given period, with Country A and D experiencing the fastest growth. Country B, on the other hand, had the lowest proportion of university students overall, and its rate remained somewhat stagnated over the given years.
In 2000, around 37% of young people were undergraduates, and the rate experienced a remarkable upswing to 48% in 2005, and 57% in 2010. A similar pattern is evident with regard to Country D where its tertiary education rates rose from 45% in 2000 to 50% in 2005, and again to 60% in 2010. Country C, in the meantime, also had more undergraduates, rising from 43% in 2000 to 48% in 2005, and plateaued at this point until 2010. Contrary to the other three countries, Country B, starting off with 40% young students in 2000, was the only nation to undergo a drop, albeit negligible, to 39% in 2005, and despite recovering back to 2000’s level at 40% in 2010, this country still remained the one having the lowest higher education rates.
1. Sample essay
It is claimed that spending time on reading or watching news is absolutely wasteful. Truth be told, I find it hard to agree because having access to daily news is a must to be well informed about what is going on in the world and to be equipped with specialized knowledge for conducting further scientific research.
For the general public, it is advisable to be aware of the current state of affairs. This is certainly directly related to individual life. A typical example for this close relationship is what people should do in case of war. More specifically, after reading news about the outbreak of a war near them, people may immediately prepare food for fear of the possibility of food shortages.
Those who work as scientists are always in need of updated information from news reports about various fields. These range from education to economics and healthcare. For instance, news about the current coronavirus has pushed researchers all over the world to compete 24/7 in inventing a vaccine against it. As a result, it can be argued that news is closely related to the outside world whether common people or experts in the scientific world are taken into consideration.
Summarizing, when it comes to the belief that reading news in newspapers or watching news on television programs is a total waste of time, I am not convinced at all. This is merely because all people need news no matter what job they are engaged in. Depending on their occupation, people might obtain different useful pieces of information when they are exposed to one and the same news item.
2. Vocab highlights
- X is a waste of time = X is wasteful: X là lãng phí thời gian
- having access to daily news is a must: Tiếp cận tin tức hàng ngày là điều phải làm
- the general public: Công chúng / đại chúng
- the current state of affairs: Sự tình hiện đương
- the outbreak of a war: Sự nổ ra của 1 cuộc chiến
- for fear of the possibility of food shortages: Vì sợ lương thực có khả năng bị khan hiếm
- those who work as scientists: Những ai làm công tác khoa học
- news reports = news items: Những mẩu tin
- news is closely related to the outside world: Tin tức gắn liền mật thiết với thế giới bên ngoài
- when they are exposed to one and the same news item: Khi họ được tiếp cận cùng 1 mẩu tin
3. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc passive: It is claimed/believed/viewed/said that… Có ý kiến cho rằng
Cấu trúc whether… or…: whether common people or experts in the scientific world are taken into consideration… cho dù là xét đến người bình thường hay nhà khoa học.
Xem thêm: Khóa luyện thi IELTS cấp tốc được nhiều bạn tại TPHCM theo học nhất – Cùng tìm hiểu ngay nhé
1. Sample essay
The diagram provides a breakdown of how compost is made. Overall, the making of compost involves organic wastes of different kinds undergoing various biological and chemical processes in an aerated container.
A 2-cubic-meter plastic container with four holes – two at each side – is used to contain the compost. The four holes act as vents, allowing the circulation of air in and out of the container. Next, waste is added to the container in layers of 15 centimeters, with food at the bottom, grass in the middle and newspaper on top. Nitrogen and hot water are subsequently added to the mixture.
At the fourth stage of the process, the mouth of the plastic container is sealed shut by the use of a cover. The moistened mixture is thereafter left in the container for 6 months, during which time a decomposition process gradually takes place. During the process, vapour is released through the four vents. After 6 months, the organic wastes are successfully converted into compost, and this sort of fertiliser is ultimately used in gardening.
2. Vocab highlights
- areate (v) cho phép không khí lưu thông
- vent (n) lỗ thông hơi
- circulation (n) sự lưu thông
- subsequently (adv) sau đó
- seal (v) niêm phong
- moistened (adj) được làm ẩm
- decomposition (n) sự phân hủy
- vapour (n) hơi nước
- convertinto (v) biến đổi thành
- ultimately (adv) cuối cùng thì
1. Sample response
When it comes to leisure activities, attending a live show has recently been claimed to be something worth doing because it is more exciting than watching it on TV. This is a statement that I find it hard to totally agree with.
Truth be told, it is certainly true that watching an art display or a sports performance on television is quite enjoyable to some extent. One of the reasons is one can lie down on a sofa without getting decently dressed while watching them. This is normally something impossible to do in public as we are supposed to behave well in this modern life of civilization.
However, watching it live, whether it is an arts event or a sports competition, is truly fascinating in a way that is indescribable. More specifically, a play, a concert, or a sports contest would be much more interesting if witnessed with our own eyes and/or listened to with our own ears based on a real-time basis. In other words, this is a matter of feelings which depend on whether that particular event is actually happening. If it is, then it will boost levels of fascination twofold or even threefold.
In conclusion, considering a comparison of what is more intriguing as a leisure activity, I tend to believe that going to an event such as those involving art or sports is far higher than watching it on television. It all relies on how ‘real’ it is no matter how far technology has moved forward.
2. Vocab highlights
- attending a live show has recently been claimed to be something worth doing: Gần đây có ý kiến cho rằng đến dự 1 chương trình biểu diễn trực tiếp là xứng đáng
- Truth be told: Thành thật mà nói
- One can lie down on a sofa without getting decently dressed: Người ta có thể nằm dài trên 1 chiếc trường kỷ, không cần phải diện trang phục tươm tất
- We are supposed to behave well in this modern life of civilization: Chúng ta nên có hành vi đúng mực trong cuộc sống văn minh hiện nay
- Watching it live is truly fascinating in a way that is indescribable: Xem trực tiếp là hấp dẫn không thể tả
- based on a real-time basis: Trên cơ sở giờ thực
- it will boost levels of fascination twofold: Nó sẽ nâng mức thú vị lên gấp đôi
3. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc trạng ngữ chỉ thể cách
… is truly fascinating in a way that is indescribable (= is truly indescribably fascinating): … là thật sự thú vị không thể tả.
- Cấu trúc no matter how
… no matter how far ( = however far) technology has moved forward: … cho dù là công nghệ có tiến xa đến đâu đi chăng nữa.
Đề thi IELTS Writing Tháng 04/2020
Gợi ý: Hướng dẫn cách viết dạng Line Chart Writing Task 1
The line graph details the proportions of people going to the cinema once or more than once a month in an unspecified European country over the 2000-2011 period. Overall, the rates of moviegoers of all ages generally increased, despite periodic fluctuations. It is also clear that there were always more people aged between 15 and 25 going to the cinema compared to the other age groups, and the 35+ is the only group that had the most consistent growth.
In 2000, around 15% of the 15-to-24-year-old people went to the cinema once a month or more, and this figure thereafter enjoyed steady rises, reaching roughly 45% by 2006. During the same 2000-2006 period, similar patterns could be observed with regard to the rates of the 25-to-35 and 35+ groups, with the former increasing from 5% in 2000 to 15% in 2006, and the latter rising from a near zero in 2000 to 5% in 2006. Moviegoers aged between 25 and 35 also rose in numbers, albeit erratically, from 10% in 2000 to 20% in 2006.
From 2006 towards the end of the period, the figure for the 15-to-24 age bracket experienced 2 years of ups and downs, before regaining its upward streak, eventually finishing off at 52% in 2008. The percentage of the 7-to-14 and the 25-to-35 groups also fluctuated greatly, before both reaching 30% in 2008. The rate of the 35+, meanwhile, rose gradually throughout the period, ultimately amounting to roughly 14% in 2008.
Considering the insignificant contribution of individual efforts, it is argued that policy-makers should be in charge of the mission of environmental protection. Such a perspective is totally convincing as politicians are much more influential and are able to raise much more substantial funds.
Obviously, those who are VIP’s in politics are normally professionally trained in public speaking, so they are experts at persuading the general public when it comes to delivering speeches on the environment. In other words, with their political background, they are able to influence thousands of people at a time.
Their powerful speeches, together with their charisma and their sense of humour, are likely to lead to significant changes in the community’s awareness. Listening to them, most people will end up becoming more aware of the importance of protecting the environment.On that basis, politicians would find it easier to perform fund-raising activities for the purpose of keeping the earth green and clean.
For most projects aiming at creating a better world initiated by such celebrities, thousands of their fans would be willing to contribute a significant amount of money, ranging from thousands to millions of dollars. Such financial contributions would be big enough to carry out certain environmental projects.
All things considered, it is true that politicians should be those who are responsible for defending the natural habitat of our mother earth against destruction. This consideration is in view of the advantage policy-makers have over ordinary people in terms of the former’s influence through words and their ability to attract financial investments.
2. Vocab highlights
- The insignificant contribution of individual efforts: Đóng góp không đáng kể của những nỗ lực cá nhân
- the mission of environmental protection: Sứ mệnh bảo vệ môi trường
- to raise much more substantial funds: Huy động vốn quy mô lớn hơn
- to be normally professionally trained in public speaking: Được đào tạo chuyên nghiệp về kỹ năng nói trước công chúng
- fund-raising activities: Những hoạt động huy động vốn
- their ability to attract financial investments: Kỹ năng của họ trong việc thu hút đầu tư tài chính
3. Structure highlights
- Cấu trúc reduced relative clause
For most projects aiming at ( = which aim at) creating a better world initiated by ( = which are initiated by) such celebrities, …Đối với phần lớn dự án nhằm vào việc tạo ra một thế giới tốt đẹp hơn do những nhân vật nổi tiếng như thế khởi xướng, …
- Cấu trúc full relative clause
Politicians should be those who are responsible for defending the natural habitat of our mother earth against destruction: Các chính trị gia nên là những người chịu trách nhiệm bảo vệ môi trường sống của trái đất trước nạn hủy diệt.
The bar graph details the volume of coffee produced in four nations over the 20-year course from 1990 to 2010. Overall, the graph tells us that Colombia aside, coffee production in all other countries enjoyed upswings, with Brazil experiencing the fastest growth. It is also clear that Brazil was always the number one coffee-producing country, and the discrepancy between this and the other countries became increasingly wider over the given period.
In 1990, around 0.7 million tonnes of coffee was produced in Brazil, and the figure rose sharply to 1 million tonnes in 1995, followed by an even steeper growth to 1.5 tonnes in 2000, and eventually peaked at 1.9 million tonnes – the highest of any country, in any year.
Coffee production in Indonesia and Vietnam, despite standing at much lower positions, followed similar patterns, with the former rising from 0.2 million tonnes in 1990 to 0.4 million tonnes in 2010 and the latter going up from an all-time low of only 0.1 million tonnes in 1990 to 0.3 million tonnes in 2010.
In the meantime, Columbia was the only country to undergo a downward trend in coffee yield. In 1990, it ranked second at 0.6 million tonnes, but later fell gradually and eventually it amounted to around 0.3 million tonnes in 2010.
Never before has there been a phenomenon that so many people travel overseas as it is seen today. This could be explained in numerous ways, but access to reasonable means of transport has facilitated this trend, which is certainly beneficial for the tourism industry and for mutual understanding between communities around the world.
One of the most important reasons why travelling to other countries is becoming more popular these days is the existence of cheaper modes of transport. In the past, for example, a flight ticket was too costly for the majority of people, but it is becoming increasingly affordable today. In reality, people in almost all income groups are able to pay for the cost of travelling by plane or any other means of transport.
This tendency actually benefits countries both economically and culturally. The tourism industry of each country definitely enjoys a much higher revenue from the rise in travelling internationally. Obviously, the more tourists there are, the more money comes.
This leads to the development of a wide range of services associated with tourism. MOREOVER, that going abroad is becoming a trend of popularity makes it possible for people from different cultures to understand each other more.
This contributes significantly to turning this planet into a truly ‘global village’.In conclusion, it is less expensive transportation that has led to more people travelling abroad, bringing both economic and cultural merits to the whole world. It is no wonder that one day everyone on earth is said to possibly become a global citizen.
1. Vocab highlights
- access to reasonable means of transport has facilitated this trend: Sự tiếp cận các phương tiện đi lại có giá cả hợp túi tiền đã tạo điề