UNIT 1: LOCAL ENVIRONMENT
New words Meaning Picture Example
artisan / ˈɑː ɪt ’zæn / (n)
nghệ nhân,thợ làm nghề thủ công
There vases were made by local artisans.
authenticity / ˌɔːθen t səti ˈ ɪ / (n)
tính chính xác, tính xác thực, thật
You should check the authenticity of the product before purchasing it.
birthplace / bˈ ɜː θple s/ ɪ (n)
nơi sinh ra, quê hương
Japan is the birthplace of origami.
deal with /di lː w ðɪ /
giải quyết You may have to deal with many problems.
embroider / ɪm br ˈ ɔɪdə(r) / (v)
thêu She embroidered floral patterns on the dress.
face up to /fe sɪ ʌp tu /
đối mặt với You have to face up to your shortcomings.
get /get ɒn w ð/ ɪ
có quan hệ tốt Mary gets on with all her co-workers.
knit /n t/ɪ (v)
đan (len,sợi) Last year, my grandmother knitted me a sweater.
lacquerware / lækə(r)ˈ weər/
đồ sơn mài My father is highly interested
look foward to /l ʊk ˈ ɔːf wəd tu/
trông mong I am looking forward to the upcoming festival.
weave /wi v/ː (v)
dệt (vải..), đan (rổ, rá…), kết (hoa…)
She wove some flowers into a garland.
Định nghĩa: – Câu phức là câu bao gồm 1 mệnh đề độp lập (independent clause) và ít nhất 1
mệnh đề phụ thuộc (dependent clause) liên kết với nhau. Hai mệnh đề thường được nối với
nhau bởi dấu phẩy hoặc các liên từ phụ thuộc (subordinating conjuntions).
Ví dụ: He always takes time to play with his daughter even though he is
Mệnh đề độc lập
Mệnh đề phụ thuộc
Even though he is busy, he always takes time to play with his daughter.
Mệnh đề phụ thuộc Mệnh đề độc lập
(Mặc dù anh ấy bận rộn, nhưng anh ấy luôn dành thời gian để chơi với con gái You should
think about money saving from now if you want to study abroad.
Mệnh đề độc lập Mệnh đề phụ thuộc
Mệnh đề đi liền với liên từ trong câu phức chính là mệnh đề phụ thuộc.
Mệnh đề phụ thuộc nằm phía trước mệnh đề độc lập, thì giữa hai mệnh đề phải có
Dấu phẩy còn lại thì không.
2ột số liên từ phụ thuộc phổ biến.
After ( Sau khi )
Although (Mặc dù)
As ( Bởi vì/ khi)
as If ( Như thế là)
As long as ( Miễn là)
In order to (Để mà) Before ( Trước khi)
Even If (Mặc dù)
Because ( Bởi vì)
as though (Như thế là)
as much as so that ( Để mà) Once Even though Whereas If as soon as Unless
(Một khi) (Mặc dù) (Trong khi đó) (Nếu) ( Ngay khi) (Trừ khi) Since (Tuwfkhi/ Bởi vì)
Though (Mặc dù)
While (Trong khi đó)
In case (Nếu)
Until (Cho đến khi)
3ác loại mệnh đề phụ thuộc hay gặp.
Trong câu phức có nhiều loại mênh đè phụ thuộc khác nhau, dưới đây là một vài VD thường
Mệnh đề phụ thuộc Ví dụ Mệnh đề phụ thuộc chỉ lý do (d Trả lời cho câu hỏi “Why”( tại sao) -Thường bắt đầu với các liên từ như: because, since, as….
I needn’t tell you as he has told you already. I did it because there was no one else to do it.
Since you in
Mệnh đề phụ thuộc chỉ thời gian:
Nói về hành động trong mệnh đề đọc lập diễn ra khi nào.
Thường bắt đầu với các liên từ như: When,While,before,after, as soon as….
As I went out, he came in
As soon as you are ready, we shall go
I hurried to see him after I had heard the news.
I hope to pay him a visit before I went away.
Mệnh đề phụ thuộc chỉ mục đích.
Nói về mục đích của hành động trong mệnh đề đọc lập.
Thường bắt đầu với các liên từ như: so that, in order to that…
Though it is getting late, I think we have to finish our lesson.
Although it rained, we went out all the same.
I”ll get there even If I have to walk all the day.
I’ll get there even If I have to walk all the day. He was speaking very quietly so that it was difficult to hear what he said. BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG CƠ BẢN
Bài 1: Khoanh tròn đáp án đúng:
1 mother used to tell me stories_______________ I went to bed.
A B C 2 better take the keys_______________________ I’m not out.
A case B C 3 mother like eating fried chicken______________ it’s very bad for his health.
A B C 4, Jim was playing the piano_____________his sister was playing the flute
6 will go picnicking as long as the weather is fine.
7 behaved as through nothing had happened.
8 can’t make it on Saturday because I will be fully occupied.
9 I got home my father was moving the lawn while my mother was watering the
- Although I don’t get on well with Mary, I really admire her inteligence and beauty.
Bài 3: Nối những mệnh đề ở cột A với những mệnh đề ở cột B để tạo thành câu hoàn
A B 1 didn’t realize her mistakes a snow started to fall 2 were playing in the backyard b it is distant from our house 3 you show your attempt in your work, c they move here. 4 couple had been in New York City for two years.
d still travel by public transportations
5 mother often shops at the local supermarket.
e,so that I will have decent job in the future
6 has been ages f,you may get promotion soon 7 try to study hard g her mother pointed it out for her 8 If own a car h we last encountered
1.-g 2.-a 3. f 4.-c 5 6 – h 7.-e 8.-d Bài 4: Nối 2 câu đơn đã cho thành câu ghép, sử dụng liên từ thích hợp.
1 was absent from class yesterday because/ since/ as he was suffering from a bab cold.
2 decided to move the house so that they don’t have to travel a long distance to work.
3 heard her fingers yesterday when she was reparing dinner.
4 4 pm yesterday, my mother was cleaning the house while I was looking after my younger
5 decided to go on an excursion because they want to get away from work stress.
6 father taught me how to use the computer before I didn’t know how to use it.
- I will call you as soon as I arrive at the station.
8 brother is very out-going whereas I am quiet reserved.
9 Peter was walking home when He was robbed of his wallet.
10 don’t have a pet because my mother doesn’t allow me to have one.
Bài 5: Điền liên từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống để hoàn thành các câu sau.
1.______________ it’s pouring with rain, we are going for a walk in the park.
2.______________she hands in the assignment before Tuesday, she will get very bad mark.
3 decided to break up with Peter_____________ he didn’t spend much time with her.
4 decided to break up with Peter_____________ he didn’t spend much time with her.
5 bought a new car___________his old car was still i good condition.
6 will be in great trouble_____________ my mother knows my final test scores.
7 will have finished the report__________ the time you receive the letter
8 concert will be canceled____________no more tickets are sold.
9 are not allowed to enter this place___________ they are accompanied by adults.
10 should bring think coats_________ the temperature falls at night.
11._____________ my sister doesn’t like eating salad, she eats it regularly to keep fit.
12 won’t come to Jim’s party___________ he invites me.
13._________ you tell me the truth, I can’t help you.
14._________ the fire fighters arrived, the fire had already been put out by the local residents.
15 can leave early ________________ you want to.
1/ though/ even though
2 3/ though/ even though 4/as/since 3/ though/ even though
7 8 9 10. in case 11/ though/ even though
13 14 15
hành động. của bạn) throug h
Diễn đạt ý lần lượt cái này sang cái khác, hoặc từ đầu đến cuối,
If you look through something, you read it quickly and not very carefully. (Khi bạn đọc qua cái gì đó nghĩa là bạn đọc nhanh không quá cẩn thận) back Diễn đạt ý trở lại, quay lại Please send the jacket back If it is the wrong size ( Hãy gửi lại chiếc áo khoác nếu như sai cỡ) away Diễn đạt trạng thái rời đi hoặc tạo ra khoảng cách.
Put away your toys, Jack ( Cất đồ chơi đi Jack) around Diễn đạt hành động mang tính giải trí, không rõ mục đích, hoặc không cần quá tập trung.
I hate the way he lies around all day watching TV (Tôi ghét cái cách anh ấy cứ nằm vắt vẻo xem TV cả ngày.
3ột số cụm động từ thường gặp:
Cụm động từ kết hợp với một tiểu từ.
Get up ( Thức dậy) Find out (Tìm hiểu thông tin) bring out: = publish : xuất bản pass down: (chuyển giao) Live on ( sống nhờ vào) look through ( đọc)
Deal with ( giải quyết) Warm up ( Khởi động) Come back (quay trở lại)
turn down (phản đối, từ chối)
Set up ( khởi nghiệp, sắp đặt) Keep up (tiếp tục)
Take off (máy bay cất cánh) Show off (khoe khoang) Hold on (Chờ đợi) Give up (từ bỏ) Grow up (lớn lên) Go on (tiếp tục) Break down (đổ vỡ, hư hỏng)
Carry out (thực hiện) Count on (tin cậy vào)
Dress up (mặc đẹp) Drop by (ghé qua) Bring up (nuôi dưỡng) Work out ( tìm ra cách giải quyết)
Close down (đóng cửa,ngừng kinh doanh)
Take up( Bắt đầu làm một hoạt động mới)
Cụm động từ kết hợp hai tiểu từ:
Keep up with sb/sth Look forward to sb/sth Run out of sth Get out of sb/sth Catch up with sb/sth Come down with sth Cut down on sth Look back on sth Get rid of sth Make up for sb/sth Get back at sb Go along with sb Look down o sb Look up to sb Stay away from sb/sth Pull over at Run away /off from sb/sth Wait up for sth Keep out of sb/sth Go in for sth Go through with sth Face p to sth Get on with sb Come up with sth
Check up on sth Make sure of sth
BÀI TẬP VẬN DỤNG CƠ BẢN
Bài 6: Khoanh tròn đáp án đúng:
1 have turned ( down / up) Jim’s application for the job.
2 may have to deal( with / about ) many problem in the workplace.
3 birds mainly live (on/off) insects.
4 does the plane take ( off/ up)?
5 did you decide to take (on/up) skiing?
6 to warm (up/down) carefully before you play sports.
7’s no need to dress ( up / down). It is just an informal party.
8 you work (out / in) the solution yet?
9, I think we’re run out (of/on) petrol.
10 seems not to get (on/off) well with his classmates.
11 husband has decided to set (up/down) a business on his own.
12 you think Jame will find (out/ up) the truth?
13 Jim have many friends to count (on/off) in difficult time?
14, my uncle dropped (to/by)my house to the surprise of everyone.
15 you brought (up/in) by your grandparents?
Bài 7: Điền một từ thích hợp để hoàn thành các câu dưới đây:
1 is quite easy- going. He can __get _ on well with many types of people.
2 has been absent from school for two weeks due to his illness. It may be difficult for him
to _catch up with his classmates.
3 you watch the film last night? Do you know how the villain got back on the hero?
4 Smith decided to ____give___up smoking because the doctor warned him of getting lung
4 is depressed as he has been turn down by five companies so far.
5 can’t put up with such disturbing noise any time.
6 mother is always telling off me.
- Smith has taken up golf.
8 you tired of dealing with complaints from your customers.
9 are you now? I heard that you came down with flu last week.
10 Hold on! I think we’ve got lost. This isn’t the right road.
BÀI TẬP NÂNG CAO TỔNG HỢP.
Bài 10: Dựa vào từ cho trước và thêm liên từ thích hợp để tạo thành câu phức.
1 plays the piano extremely well although she is very young.
2 wants to earn more money so he is applying for another job now.
3 mother had cooked me breakfast before she went to work.
4 prefer staying at home to going out because I do not like socializing.
5 enjoyed the party last night although the food was not so good.
6 can not catch up with his classmates he often plays truant.
7 studies very hard so that he can get high scores.
8 of my friends enjoy going shopping whereas .I don’t like this.
Bài 11: Thay thế những động từ in nghiêng trong câu bằng một cụm động từ thích hợp.
1 don’t like Josh because he often boasts about his wealth. show off 2 month many people in my neighbor had chickenpox. came down with 3 should reduce the amount you salt in your daily meal. cut down on 4’s you confronted your fear and moved on. face up with 5 an old friend of mine visited your family. drop in 6 decided to join the cooking contest. go in for 7 didn’t want to go with him, so I rejected his invtation. turn down 8 are a well- matched couple and they always agree with each other.
go along with
9 did you start your new hobby? take up
10 rain continued all the morning. kept up
Bài 12. Hoàn thành các câu dưới đây bằng cách điền từ thích hợp vào chỗ trống.
1 always look up to his senior colleagues.
2 is going in for a singing competition.
3 can make up for the loss of my cat.
4 didn’t work yesterday because he came down with flu.
5 mother always reminds me to stay away from bad people.
6 a child I used to wait up for the present from Santa Clause.
7 can’t put up with his selfishness any more.
8 argue a lot. They seem to never get on with each other.
9 year she got through with an operation.
10 week we got rid of all the old furniture and bought new one.
Bài 13: Gạch chân lỗi sai trong câu và viết lại câu đúng.
Because 1 she didn’t warm up carefully before running, her leg was hurt during the race. _______________________________________________________ because 2 dressed up though they wanted to be the King or Queen of the prom. ________________________________________________________ Although 3 I am really interested in lacquerware, I rarely buy one for me. ________________________________________________________ Although 4 though my brother and I don’t get on well, we still care about the other. ________________________________________________________ If 5 would you do unless you won a lottery? ________________________________________________________ up to 6.Mr is renowned artisan looks down on him.
When 7 I came home, my cat was sleeping on the sofa. ________________________________________________________ Although 8 Peter cheated on me, I wouldn’t get back on him. ________________________________________________________ Bài 14: Khoanh tròn vào đáp án đúng:
For the tourists, his workshop mainly produces small handicrafts and souvenirs, such as small
animals, painting, tea trays, figurines and rasaries. For the Chinese cilents, his workshop makes
products to order based on the current sample designs present,his workshop renamed Hiep
Thang Fine arts Cooperative, provides stable jobs for 28 employees with an average income of
4-10 million dong/month.
One of Nguyen Tran Hiep’s best works is “ Bat Long vong quang phat” which originated
from the idea of the eight kings of the Ly dynasty incarnating into eight dragons on a five-
colour lotus tower work was made to celebrate the 80th anniversary of the founding of the
Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union and has been listed in the Vietnamest Record Book in
2011 as the best fine-art sculpture of ideology and art.
1 was Nguyen Tran Hiep recognized as the Vietnam’s Youngest Artisan?
At the age of 37
2 he easily succeed in developing his fine-art furniture workshop?
3 did Hiep categorize his customers?
He categorized his customers into two types: forein tourist and traders from China.
4 kinds of products does his workshop often produce for foreigners?
His workshop often produces small handicrafts and souvenirs, such as small animals,
painting, tea trays, figurines and rasaries.
5 many employes are there in Hiep Thang Fine arts Cooperative?
6 was made by Nguyen Tran Hiep to celebrate the 80th anniversary of the founding of the
Ho Chi Minh Communist Youth Union?
Nguyen Tran Hiep’s best works is “ Bat Long vong quang phat”